Fibromyalgia: a disease full of symptoms and lacking in cure

Declared with this name since 1992 by the World Health Organization (WHO), it has a long existence. It is estimated that 1 in 20 people can suffer from it between 20 and 60 years and 80% of patients are women. 

“Fibromyalgia is a disease of non-joint rheumatism, this means that its origin is not inflammatory, and is characterized by a chronic and generalized musculoskeletal pain whose cause is the alteration in the perception and interpretation of pain at the level of the system nervous central, “explained to Télam, the psychiatrist Evangelina Melgar, coordinator of the Clinic of Fribromyalgia of Ineco.

Characterized by intense generalized pain, the disease tends not to be diagnosed quickly by the doctors themselves, there lies one of the obstacles for the patient to obtain relief. In its most severe forms can lead to be invalidating, and greatly reduce the quality of life of the patient. 

The way of detection is done through the examination of pain points, this can be done by a clinician and consists of touching these, which are located on the back, neck, head, arms and legs, if in their greater number cause pain and the patient shows a persistence of pain of more than three months, one of the possible diagnoses is fibromyalgia.

In addition Melgar said: “The pain that the person feels has an organic cause, it is not subjective or psychological as many people, and even health professionals, still believe in. That is why it is so important to raise awareness about the disease, so that we can reach before with the diagnosis “. 

Consulted on the characteristics of the disease, Osvaldo Messina, head of Rheumatology at the Acute Hospital Cosme Argerich remarked that “it presents a picture of deep, chronic, generalized and disabling pain”.

“Although it is not easy to arrive at the accurate diagnosis, the clinical review is a fundamental step towards that goal,” he added, adding that in the case of fibromyalgia the most common symptoms are chronic and generalized musculoskeletal pain, lack of energy. up to 30 percent-, extreme slowness, difficulty to make minimal efforts, concentration problems, memory loss, insomnia and tactile, auditory, visual and digestive hypersensitivity. 

This group of pathologies is presented eight or nine times more in women than in men and they are “strongly underdiagnosed,” the specialist completed.

symptom
• Persistent pain in muscles and bones. 
• Burning in the skin 
• Night sweats 
• Morning stiffness 
• Deep exhaustion 
• Depression

Specialists to consult
• Clinical doctor 
• Rheumatologist 
• Neurologist 
• Psiquitara 
• Psychologist 
• Kinesiologist

Treatment
While there is no single treatment for the treatment of fibromyalgia, the drugs that are used are; analgesics, pregabalin, amitriptyline, antidepressants. Perform physical activity on a regular basis, to the extent of the possibilities of each, helps in the relief of symptoms.

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