New research has developed a link between fibromyalgia and bacteria in the gut. The latest study shows that there are changes in the level of bacteria in patients. It could be a breakthrough for people with the disease, and their doctors were waiting; with future testing, it could provide information on the cause, diagnosis and even prevention. The connection at this time is not precisely clear on the meaning, but the future is hopeful thanks to the new discovery.
1. Recap of fibromyalgia
This is a disease that affects the whole body, although it is known pain of the musculoskeletal system; it can also increase problems with memory, fatigue, moodiness and drowsiness. Although there is no known cause, the popular belief is that people who suffer from the disease have pain sensations that get worse when pain occurs; patients describe it as a dull, aching ache. Currently, many people suffer for years before a diagnosis, even up to 5 years; future research hopes that this may change the current process. With today’s medical technology, there is still no test for the disease to confirm this. In order for a doctor to diagnose, it is usually determined by a specialist doctor known to a rheumatologist, in which the doctor must make the diagnosis simply based on their symptoms.
2. The study – Part 1
Recent studies have brought a new perspective on what can cause the disease; studies have shown a link between gut bacteria and disease. The journal Pain published a study which showed that people with the disease found bacterial changes in the gastrointestinal tract. During Study 20, various species of bacteria all changed, increasing or decreasing the amounts. The Canadian study used 156 participants to test their urine, saliva, stool and blood; the aim was to examine and compare with healthier individuals. Seventy-seven of the participants suffered from the disease itself.
3. The study – Part 2
Dr Amir Minerbi, who is from the Alan Edwards Pain Management Unit at the McGill University Health Center (MUHC), goes into more detail by describing to make sure that the alterations they observed in patients’ microbiomes , the researchers used a variety of methods, even artificial intelligence. The idea was to be on the safe side; the changes were not due to other issues such as the patient’s age, diet, physical activity, and medications, as these factors are known to affect the microbiomes. The researchers found that what contributed the most to the changes were the symptoms of the disease. When bacteria changed in the system, the symptoms were precisely related to the changes. According to Dr. Amir Minerbi, symptoms get worse in patients when the levels of the particular gut bacteria change.
4. What is intestinal bacteria
The gut microbiome is the bacteria found in the gastrointestinal tract; it is also known as gut flora and gut microbiota and is considered a microorganism. Other microorganisms would be fungi, viruses and protozoa. You may have heard that it is essential to eat yogurt or take probiotic supplements because probiotics help your gut health; it helps with the good bacteria in your system. Having the right balance of good bacteria is essential for our digestive system to function properly and for our overall health.
5. The future
Whether the microbiomes are involved in the disease or whether it is a symptom of the disease is still unclear as to whether the disease does not just involve pain. Future research will involve examining whether these changes in gut bacteria are involved in other types of pain or do they have any involvement in the development of the disease. Other future research will attempt to find help in the hardening process and the diagnostic process. Emmanuel Gonzalez, of the Canadian Center for Computational Genomics and Department of Human Genetics at McGill University, gives credit to computers for helping find this new discovery with 87% accuracy. He also adds that there is hope in the future to build on recent findings to help diagnose the disease more quickly.
We hope that some of the subjects will receive an answer in the future test: how they relate, prevent them or the signs of developing it, monitoring gut health can help eliminate symptoms, and the individual with the disease has the same effects in other parts of the world.
People who suffer from the disease also suffer from others who cannot understand the symptoms that the patients are facing. The new research has opened new hope not only to patients but also to researchers and physicians; in fact, frustration with the lack of answers makes researchers want to look for more.