People with fibromyalgia also suffer from sleep disorders. At night, patients wake up at least 6 times a night.
The vast majority of people with fibromyalgia have sleep disorders . And according to a Canadian study published in the Clinical Journal of Pain, patients have specific disorders of their sleep. This disorder could be a new indicator of this pathology difficult to diagnose.
Fibromyalgia is in fact an unknown and poorly supported disease . However, it is not uncommon: between 2 and 3 million French people are affected. They suffer pain throughout the body without being able to identify the source of these ailments. These diffuse pains are linked to an attack of the nerve fibers that transmit the painful information or an alteration of pain management. Patients also complain of fatigue, anxiety and insomnia.
Patients awake 6 times a night.
To better understand the nature of sleep disorders in people with fibromyalgia, researchers from the University of Ontario (Canada) studied 132 patients, 109 insomniacs and 52 people without sleep problems. For 2 consecutive nights, his complete dream was recorded by polysomnography. Thanks to the electrodes placed on the scalp and the faces of the volunteers, the researchers were able to analyze the duration of sleep, cycles and different stages of sleep, as well as the time to fall asleep.
Scientists observe that fibromyalgia and insomniacs have more difficulty falling asleep than people without disorders and have a fragmented deep sleep. Their nights are characterized by a greater succession of short-term night awakenings and sleep episodes than those who sleep in their two ears. These participants would be awake at least 6 times a night.
However, scientists point out that these waking phases are shorter in people with fibromyalgia than in those with primary insomnia, they are more common.
Restore a continuous dream.
This work suggests that people with fibromyalgia do not have the same sleep problems as people with insomnia. By identifying these differences, professionals can diagnose and treat these disorders more effectively. For fibromyalgia, treatment would reduce the frequency of waking episodes and maintain continuous sleep.
A study published in the Journal of Neurophysiology last February indicated that these sleep disorders originated in the thalamus, an area of the brain that regulates sleep. UC Berkeley researchers have noticed abnormalities in deep sleep waves. But the latter could be restored thanks to a medication prescribed for narcolepsy. A discovery that offers a treatment opportunity to restore sleep and relieve fibromyalgia.