Pain in the hips: 4 tips for recurring hip complaints
The medical term for hip pain is coxalgia. It concerns pain caused by disorders of the hip joint and / or the surrounding tissues. Pain in the hips can have many causes. Below we discuss 3 general tips against hip complaints …
1. Hip pain due to bursa inflammation
In many cases, pain in the hips is caused by a bursa inflammation. A bursa inflammation is in principle reminiscent of muscle pain, but is becoming increasingly severe. Eventually it becomes a nagging, radiating pain. The more frequently and intensively you burden your hip joint, the greater the chance of a bursa inflammation. A bursa inflammation rarely passes completely. First of all you can try treatment at the physiotherapist or orthopedist.
An oral anti-inflammatory drug can also be administered (Diclofenac and others), but this often does not (sufficiently) penetrate the bursa. A direct injection of Cortisol into the joint usually helps better. Sufficient rest is an absolute must. In the worst case, the bursa must be removed by surgery. In this article about hip bursa inflammation you can read more about a bursa bursa of the hip …
2. Osteoarthritis can cause pain in the hips
Pain in the hips is often caused by hip osteoarthritis (wear and tear of the hip joint). Osteoarthritis is characterized by severe, recurrent nagging pain that gets worse with exercise. Osteoarthritis pain affects your posture, your movements and especially walking. Treatment with physiotherapy, orthopedics and / or hot water exercises often starts. In the case of hip osteoarthritis, an artificial hip (full hip prosthesis) may ultimately be required.
3. Instability & deviation of the hip can cause extensive hip pain
Some form or variation of pelvic instability or hip instability can cause severe pain in the hips. This often results in joint pain, loss of mobility and instability of the pelvis and / or hip joints. Examples of these types of hip problems include:
- Subluxing hip or ‘ snapping hip ‘
- Hip dysplasia (HD): a shape defect of the hip
- Joint mouse (loose piece of bone or cartilage ) in the hip joint
- Hypermobility : hyper-lacquered or loose-fitting hip joints
- Deviation (wear, fraying, flap, tear, etc.) from the labrum : the cartilaginous structure on the edge of the hip cup
- Inflammation or infection of the joint capsule or joint mucosa
- Damage to the hip cartilage itself ( cartilage injury )
- symphysiolysis : loosening of the connection between both pubic bones, causing them to separate
- Tearing of the ligamentum teres : the band that connects the hip head with the hip cup
- Blood flow disorder in the hip
With this type of hip abnormalities and hip complaints, a strange noise (‘click’, ‘pop’, ‘tick’, etc.) can occur with movement, as well as pain and instability complaints of the pelvis and hips. Pain complaints occur with, among other things, turning movements and sitting forward .
4. Injury, infection & fracture as the cause of hip pain
Although osteoarthritis and bursa inflammation are the main causes of pain in the hips, there are many more. Some examples are:
- Sports injury & fracture (fracture)
- Bacterial infection
- Reuma & rughernia
- Deficiency of vitamin B12
- Tumor in the hip
For hip pain, therefore, research should always be done on the lower back, pelvis, knee and groin. If hip complaints persist for a long time, X-ray examinations, ultrasound and / or an MRI scan are advisable. If a tumor is suspected, a bone scan is necessary. With light, short-term hip pain, physiotherapy, manual therapy and / or inflammation inhibition is usually sufficient. A warm bath can also bring relief.